Wood Flooring for Pet Owners

Wood flooring and pets are not mutually exclusive.

Pets, particularly dogs, are notorious for scratching up wood flooring. They can slip on wood flooring too, especially when they get older.

However, most scratches and slips can (and should) be prevented with frequent nail clippings. Homeowners who really love their fur babies, but will love their new wood floors almost as much, will find that certain woods and stains are more pet-friendly than others.

First, consider tile floors over wood if you’re open to that. Tile is durable, strong and scratch-proof. The best wood flooring for pet owners is the most durable with more rustic finishes or lighter stains (naturally, scratching a dark floor to reveal the lighter color below is going to be more noticeable).

How Distressing!

Fortunately for pet owners, the look of distressed natural floors is gorgeous and here to stay. By far the most pet-friendly option, any scratches and nicks (from pets or otherwise) will blend right in.

Choose hard wood like oak that’s naturally scratch-resistant in a lighter stain with a touch of distress, and you’ll easily camouflage scratches. Oak comes in a variety of grain patterns and natural colors, and it’s wildly abundant in North America, making it a high-quality yet affordable option.

Maple, hickory, poplar and some types of cherry are also harder woods that make for gorgeous flooring.

Another consideration is genuine hardwood vs. engineered. Engineered hardwood is made up of thinner layers of wood glued together. It’s more affordable, but it can’t stand up to as much re-sanding as full hardwood.

Keep in mind that restoring engineered hardwood isn’t always an option if it suffers severe damage, but full hardwood can often be re-sanded, salvaged and repaired with more ease.

Wet ‘n’ Wild: Keep Wood Flooring Safe

Scratches are just one problem hardwood floor owners face. Pets can have a tendency to tinkle, even when potty trained, and that can cause serious problems for floors. It’s important to wipe up any messes immediately, otherwise you risk warped and stained floors.

If possible, keep pets out of wood-floored rooms when you’re not home. It’s much easier to clean carpet than floors, and sectioning off “pet rooms” for when owners are away, or kenneling, can help save your floors.

Your floors will get scratched at some point, whether you have pets or not, and the first time it happens can be heartbreaking. However, some great products are available to effectively hide scratches, like Parker & Bailey Wood Scratch repair pens or Glow Scratch Aide. Most pet-related scratches are shallow and don’t really damage the wood, so a simple cover-up is all that’s needed.

All floors should be selected based on preference and lifestyle, including consideration for your pets. You can still get the wood flooring of your dreams, even if you have a menagerie at home.

Rabbit Litter Training

You have just gotten your pet rabbit-congratulations!-and have already taken it home to show it off to your family and friends. After setting up the cage and offering it some food and water, the next step is litter training. This is one of the most important and often challenging parts of raising a pet, but once it’s mastered, the experience is all the more rewarding. Here, we provide you a step-by-step manual on how to litter train your rabbit; pretty soon, you’ll be on your way to becoming the ultimate pet owner.

Before you start…

1. Spay/neuter your rabbit. This is especially important if you own a baby rabbit; after four to six months, your pet’s hormones will kick in and soon enough it will begin to mark its territory. To lessen the likelihood of doing so, spaying or neutering your rabbit will help make it easier to be litter-trained.

2. Choose the right type of litter. While there are many types of litter that are marketed out there, many owners tend to make their own for the litter box, which is not only inexpensive, but also safer for their bunnies. Using litter designed for cats or wood shavings can be hazardous to health, as they might cause digestion or respiratory problems. An ideal type of litter is recycled paper products (e.g. newspapers), since they are harmless to the rabbits if ingested. Certain litter brands like Care-fresh or Cellu-Dri arm considered safe for them, too.

3. Clean and dispose frequently. Changing the litter box often will not only keep the cage from smelling, but also encourage your rabbit to use them more. Vinegar is a cheap and convenient tool to use to get rid of odors when cleaning the box and other stains inside the cage.

How to Litter-Train your Pet…

1. Make it comfortable. You want your rabbit to be at ease when being litter-trained while also making sure that it knows that the cage’s litter box is where it needs to go to for doing the deed. By making its cage a calm and safe environment, it will help motivate your pet to go there more often.

2. Give enough space for roaming. If you would like your pet bunny to run around the house (with supervision, of course!), then it is essential to begin litter training right away. Start small by restricting your bunny’s roaming space to a small part of the room, before increasing it to the rest of it. Make sure to always have multiple litter boxes all over the room, just in case your rabbit decides to litter somewhere other than in the cage.

3. Discipline firmly. Rabbits are naturally habitual animals, and so if you are not firm in disciplining when it marks its territory, then it will be very difficult to break the cycle for future littering sessions. Give a gentle, but stern “no” every time it starts to litter in a place other than where its designated to, and move it quickly to a nearby litter box (whether in the cage or the room) to reinforce where it should do its business.

4. Reward your pet. Positive reinforcement is just as important to litter training your rabbit as reprimanding it when it goes wrong. Treat your pet with something small, like a piece of fruit or its favorite play-thing when it correctly disposes in the litter box. Of course, you don’t have to do this every time that it works, especially after more than several times, but during its initial stages it is highly suggested.

5. Be patient. Like with babies and other pets, rabbits take time to be properly litter trained. Slip-ups will happen, and it is a matter of being calm and correcting your pet’s behavior as soon as they occur that will help the process go more smoothly. Having patience is key to being a good pet owner, and it will no doubt build a solid and trusting relationship with your rabbit.

Cleaning Your House With Pets

Today let’s talk a little about keeping your house clean with pets. Okay, okay this is not the fun thing to always talk about, but I’m sure it’s a daily struggle for all of us pet owners. Constant shedding from almost every kind of dog and cat is bound to happen. From the day you welcome a new puppy or kitten into your home you know the task of keeping up after them is there.

Living in town and a yard that wasn’t fenced in I already knew that I wasn’t going to have an outdoor dog. She was indoor and had free reign with most of the house, aside from the spare bedrooms. I watched her like a hawk when I brought her home and for the first two days I was pretty good at reading her signs as to when she needed to go out. But I wasn’t always fast enough. There were the few accidents that of course I was pretty diligent at cleaning up right away and making sure to spray the carpet or hard wood to deter her from going there again.

As the days, weeks and months go by your puppy will be getting better at letting you know when they need to go out and just about the time you think you have a handle on it, BAM… the poor thing gets sick. Either with a new food change or something that is causing your poor pet digestive issues, you now have another clean up situation. Whether that means a carpet spray or hardwood cleaning or it entails the full body suit clothes pin on the nose and rubber gloves to your elbows, it’s gotta get cleaned up. Then there is the smell to contend with.

Finding the solution to work in your home to control the smell and cleaning can be hard. Here are a few things I do that seem to help a lot.

Spot Scrub.

Wherever the scene of the crime is I start with spot scrubbing. Odor killing and stain removal for pets are the two biggest things I look for in a spot cleaner.

Baking Soda.

Baking soda helps to deodorize a room. If it’s my carpet I start by sprinkling around the area and if the smell is still pretty bad I let the container in the room to absorb the smell. This also works wonders in kitty litter boxes. When I change them I sprinkle it in the bottom of their litter box and on the floor under the box. Baking soda and vinegar water is a perfect stain remover when steam cleaning and scrubbing your carpet.

Grooming and bathing your dog.

Oh yes the difference this makes in the smell of my house is amazing! Especially as I was dealing with an allergy that made her skin have a terrible odor. Grooming was essential for my dog with allergies.

Vacuum every day.

I try to keep up with my vacuuming. I don’t always do it every day but I try to. I also use baking soda before I vacuum and let it sit in the carpet about a half hour before running the sweeper.

Odor control room spray.

This one is a big one. I always have a spray bottle of odor control spray to help freshen up the house especially before any visitors come.

Cleaning can be a daunting task as a pet owner but we could never trade that for all the love and affection we get from our loving furry friends.

Accessories That People Usually Buy for Their Pets

Some of the common dog accessories are collars, leashes, plus toys for chewing and fetching – like balls. For many owners, dog clothes are not too important, but you seldom see a dog with no collar and leash, or a house where a dog lives without a basket, a couple of pillows or some kind of dog bed – even if they sleep beside their owner. Other common accessories include fur combs that resemble a small rake for pet dogs that have long fur.

Cat accessories include catnip, collars cat furniture and small toys, most of which are feathered types or those that move. Majority of owners here are not interested to get clothing for their pet cats, and people rarely buy clothes for them. There are many ‘DIY cat toys that are easy to make, and cats always keep themselves busy with many objects that are not meant for them. Fur combs are also common to cats, particularly those that live indoors, such as long-haired ones.

Those who have rodents for pets usually spend on food bowl, water bottles, special food, treats, carriers and shiny cages. They often buy wheels and houses. The toys they commonly play with are small balls with a bell, though not all rodents really like them. In addition, most of these accessories can easily be made by hand – that is why rodent owners do not buy them, but rather choose to make their own.

Rats like things that are cozy – such as hanging houses, hammocks and tubes. Degus prefer easy-moving type of toys. Dwarf and regular hamsters are generally not interested in different kinds of toys, but like playing in the wheel and multi-level structures they can climb on. So far, guinea pigs do not have as much toys; at least this is most common. Besides, most pet shops do not sell many guinea pig toys, just chew toys, seesaw toys and small toys they can take along. These are the same toys for bunnies. Ferrets like hammocks as well as hanging beds, and behave when leashed though I am not sure if this is always the case (I know they are not rodents, but these are very similar accessories).

Food and cages are the most common accessories for birds. Nevertheless, beak stones (huge white polishing stuff), hanging toys, swing toys (with smaller moving parts), nests or nesting materials are also available.

The common accessories for reptiles are heat lamps plus nice-looking things to put in their habitat. These are similar for aquatic creatures. except that they require thermometers and water heaters in place of a heat lamp.

All About The Right Dosage of Supplements For Your Pets

Termed as man’s best friend, dogs have long been taken up as the member of the family who like anyone else needs all the attention and caring in the world. For those who have dogs as pets, the health of latter seems one of the most important things on the list. Animals have unique physiological structures, and therefore need specific food and nutrients to keep them in optimal health.

Science has advanced a lot when it comes to nutritional supplements for pets. But just providing expensive supplements is not enough. It is imperative to know the exact dosage, based on the diet, age and breed of the dog before providing them with pet supplements. Excess of anything is bad and the same applies to supplements that are given to dogs.

Here are some of the general supplements, and their right dosage:

Fish Oil: Loaded with Omega 3 fatty acids, this supplement can be considered as one of the most important ones for the dogs as it helps in building the immune system, the nervous system, the heart, and help stop inflammation, such as in arthritis and allergies. They also support brain development of puppies and fetuses. Omega 3 is found primarily in fish oil. Most fish oil gel caps have 300 mg EPA and DHA combined large dog formula has 890 mg EPA/DHA in 1.5 grams of oil.

Vitamin E: Vitamin E also has a number of benefits for the dogs and should be given in the right dosage in order to have its actual intended effect on the dogs. Healthy dogs, particularly those eating a fresh food diet, 1-2 IUs per pound of body weight daily (or an equivalent amount less often) is likely plenty. Healthy dogs eating kibble, especially small dogs, might benefit from slightly higher amounts.

For dogs with a variety of health problems, including kidney disease, heart disease, diabetes, cancer, cataracts, allergies, skin problems, arthritis, and other diseases involving inflammation or the immune system, and for dogs receiving high doses of polyunsaturated oils (PUFAs) such as fish oil or vegetable oils, dosages up to 3-4 IUs per pound of body weight daily for large dogs, 3.5-4.5 IUs per pound of body weight for medium-sized dogs, and 5-7 IUs per pound of body weight for small dogs, may provide additional benefits.

Apart from these the dogs should be given probiotics and digestive enzymes regularly that have a wonderful effect on their health. It helps in giving them a healthy gut and provides a number of other benefits.

5 Benefits of Raising Pets With Children

Pets Are Constant Companion

Your child is bound to get bored and lonely. This happens most when you are raising a single child. However, having a pet around helps your child to have a constant companion in the house.

Pets also can match the energy and excitement level of a child. A human adult can never match the energy and enthusiasm a pet, in the form of a dog, has. The pet can keep your child busy and engaged. It can be your child’s constant playmate without getting bored.

Increase Your Child’s Activity Level

In the era of smart-phones and tabloids there are chances that your child might become less active. However, a recent study has shown that the kids, who own a dog, exercise eleven minutes more on average, than non-dog owning kids.

Eleven minutes might sound quite less but also when you add up the figure in terms of weeks and month you realize the benefits. A pet in the form of a dog really helps your child to walk the extra mile and keep him/her active.

Grows Responsibility

Children with pets become more responsible than the others. It keeps them alert whether the dog or the cat got their share of food or water. They also tend to share more than the other kids.

The kids learn to be accountable of someone else. In that way they grow up to be more responsible adults. They learn fast that how the pets are dependent on the human beings and from that understanding, the attachment develops.

Makes them Empathetic

Pets also teach your children to become empathetic and kind towards others. Kids without any kind of pets tend to become cruel or repulsive towards other animals. However, kids having pets like dogs or cats tend to care more for others.

The responsibilities of owning a pet makes them accountable and their self-esteem also increases. They grow-up to be dependable adults than kids who don’t own a pet. By keeping in mind their pet’s feeding and grooming routines, they also learn to keep track of their own routines.

Makes them Healthier

Studies have shown that there are also certain health benefits of having pets. Babies who are being raised near pets tend to fall less sick than the babies who are not. Pets, especially dogs, carry certain microbes from outside into your home. These microbes tend to help your baby by improving their immunity.

Photography and Happy Paws

Setting

There are obviously two places you can hold the photo session- indoors or outdoors. Whichever you choose you need to keep the lighting, time and the mood of your pet in mind. Take your pet’s preference into account when choosing the setting. You need your pet to be in a good mood.

The perfect day

Pythagoras says, “Animals share with us the privilege of having a soul,” and you would want your snapshots to reflect this soul. It’s all about the rightness and brightness of light. Choose a day which is not too bright neither too dark, you want the lighting to just right to make your photos appear au natural and not screaming ‘it took me ages to click this!’

It’s all about the timing

Your pet will not stay put and you should use this to your advantage. Coax him, bribe him and use a calm tone to get him to the right position you want. A happy pet equals happy pictures.

Camera settings

If you have got a cooperative pet who loves photography sessions then this will be a cake walk for you. However, not every cat and dog likes the camera flash; it scares them, makes them nervous. That’s why you need a day which isn’t too cloudy or too bright. Besides, the flash tends to give a washed out effect, so you would want to turn it off.

The subject and the number

You need not have a particular pose in mind; you can encourage your pet to move about while you go on clicking. Take a handsome amount of pictures, because your pet will not always heed to your request and peer into the camera for you. The more the merrier, you can always discard the ones which don’t look good to you.

The surprise factor

Use toys, whistles, gestures and treats to grab their attention, if outdoor photography has led them to chase a butterfly or mantis. This might make them bounce back towards you leaving you with an adorable shot. Distractions work best at giving you the perfect shot and viewing your pet in a different light, literally.

The Angle

Angle matters, when you are snapping his pictures. Taking it from a high angle is very common; why not crouch down to his level and try clicking? You will have some beautiful pictures of your four-legged darling. Bend yourself, lean, move slowly and engage your pet’s attention. You will be have a fun session as will your cat or dog.

Why Pets Are Attached To Their Owners

A friend once lost one of her pets and was so distraught she mourned it for weeks. Some people do not understand the attachment she had to the poor puppy. While majority of people cannot understand why a human being should love his or her pets more than even human beings, pet lovers, on the other hand, find it difficult to believe they are misunderstood.

Today we are going to look at the issue from a different perspective.

Animals have souls just like human beings. But the souls of Animals are rather fluid, and not individualistic as that of the human soul. In the same way, even trees and rocks have their own souls, but their souls are rather forces of the elements that inhabit the trees and as their houses. There are stories of trees that refuse to fall and which even bulldozers cannot pull down; or if it was pulled down, it stands again. Such stories are not only found in superstitious Africa but also in the Scandinavian countries, where some of the natives still have connections with the forces of the elements. Even Rocks have their own beings that inhabit them, just as flower elves inhabit flowers, where the flower is far away from human habitation and may not be disturbed by humans.

But Animal souls are different from these, since they are imbued with independent movement. All elephants, for example, have souls which after death flows back to the common pool like a river, only to incarnate again by a small part of the pool flowing into the animal at the middle of pregnancy. Thus, in principle, no animal is meant to be a reincarnation of another, except in special circumstances.

These special circumstances can be of two types. The first is by applying the strongest force on earth, the power of Love. When a man loves his pet, the love radiation can hold the pet’s soul together, making it individualistic and therefore, if the pet passes on, the soul is not allowed to flow back to the group soul. Under this condition, the animal can reincarnate, and can still seek out the former owner if he is intuitively alert to recognize it.

The second is more rare in application. There are also animals in the higher realms which have nothing to do with animals in the realm of animism.These can sometimes be incarnated on earth for special tasks. However, these ones cannot incarnate on animal bodies but in HUMAN BODIES. Hence not every human being is a normal human being.

Animals Are Way Smarter Than We Think

Since childhood, I firmly believe that animals are way smarter than we think. And that we human beings, as a species, are just being too arrogant. Scientific evidence proves that our planet is not the epicenter of the solar system, but today it also shows that we are not the only center of intelligence.

But what are considered levels of intelligence? How and who defines them? Do you think that some animals are way smarter than some people?

Throughout my experiences, I do believe so. Just because animals cannot speak or read, for instance, does not automatically indicate that they cannot think or feel. When comparing one species of animals to another, or even to humans, we can see different degrees of intelligence.

So, we are deceiving ourselves into thinking that, for thousands of years we are more intelligent than the rest of the animal kingdom. And that, despite growing evidence these days to the opposite. Of course, I do not deny that we, human animals, are smart when it comes to doing what needs to be done to survive. But other species may be way smarter than we are, believe or think.

Intelligence is Relative
Numerous animals have exceptional brains, but most people purely misunderstand many of their abilities. There are now facts that crows, dogs, octopuses or koalas, just to name a few, reveal superior intelligence. It is widespread truth in the animal kingdom. In some cases, animals possess greater reasoning faculties than any human being. So, some of them are probably way smarter.

And some of their actions or behaviors cannot merely be considered instinct. When we look at various animals, we often cannot do what they do. Sometimes, the way they act or the things they do are very complicated, like a bat flying in the dark. These creatures can capture flying insects in midair directly with echolocation.

So, it does not only takes instinct but a lot of brainpower to realize such feat. Yet we do not pay attention to these kinds of things because we think it is irrelevant. Most people do not evaluate the skills of animals, but rather compare them to ours in term of intelligence. As long as they cannot reason, speak, or read, then they must not be as bright as we are.

Outlining Who is Way Smarter
Through the ages, the ruling classes, from religion to scholars, do repeat that same belief: “We, humans are incomparable because we are the cleverest being in the animal kingdom.” They also pretend that animals have no soul or feelings. However, science and life show us that animals do have feelings, a soul, and reasoning faculties which makes them way smarter than we think.

So, this belief of thinking that we are superior in intelligence goes back some ten thousand years ago. It started when man created agriculture, farms, and domestication of animals. It then gained momentum with the beliefs of religion, which regarded humans as the principal species in creation.

But does it mean that our intelligence is at a higher level? Of course not; they are just of different types. When a foreigner tries to talk to you using an imperfect, flawed or broken version of your language, your first impression is that they are not very smart. But the truth is entirely different.

The Unconditional Love of Animals
When it comes to animals, they are way smarter than what we tend to give them credit for. They are just smart on their own terms, which often look nothing like yours or mine. I believe we can learn a lot of things from them such as love, empathy, and compassion. So when they care, you can witness that they genuinely do; it is not just a fake disguise like human beings do.

Of the animal kingdom, some of these beings love humans unconditionally. However, a lot of people still abuse and mistreat such affection. When something happens to us, animals do not put us down, push us aside or suddenly decide not to love us anymore. That attitude only shows that they are way smarter than we are.

No matter the circumstances, they are there at our side until the end, and too often, we take this for granted. Yet, some people have no problem getting rid of an animal when it does not fit their life or agenda anymore. And we are supposed to be the most intelligent species on this planet; think again!

The Intelligence of Animals
Every day, our pets communicate with us through their demands and make us do things they desire. The animal world is much more complicated than we seem to believe or think. My father is a racehorse trainer, so I grew around horses and lived for many years in an apartment over a racehorse stable. Cats and dogs were also an integral part of my life like with any standard equine barn.

In the 60’s, there were no smartphones or sophisticated cameras to make videos in seconds. But all of my life, I witnessed behaviors, intelligence and memory tricks from animals. The following story is a perfect example of it.

One day, my father bought a racehorse named “Murdoch” from another city, twenty miles away. After a few days, he took the horse to the track to train him. While galloping, a tractor made an enormous noise which scared the animal, and its rider fell off. The horse, then alone, dashed across the track and jumped over the barrier disappearing into the woods.

A Story of Being Way Smarter
It was time to get in the car. I rode along, at my father’s side, to look for the horse. We searched everywhere but to no avail. A few hours later, on our return to the barn, the former owner called. In amazement, she told my dad that the animal was at her ranch.

So, it meant that the horse galloped over roads and through woods to get back to his previous barn without a single scratch. Somehow, he figured how to do twenty miles of unknown territory and return where he came from. Not only the horse did this, but because of cameras around the ranch, we were able to see how he did enter the horse farm.

When arriving at the front entrance, the animal saw that it was closed. So it went around the back, pushed the small gate and climbed the steps standing in its way. Then found an open stall, entered it and waited there, knowing that it was the only home he knew.

Animals Are Way Smarter
Animals are amazing and deserve as much respect as people for their memory, intelligence, tenacity and unconditional love.

  • Horses, dogs, and cats, among many species that spend time around people, can recognize body language signs that you or I do not pay attention to.
  • Primates such as chimpanzees can easily beat people at remembering a series of numbers that they saw for a fraction of a second.
  • Octopuses learn to open childproof caps on medication bottles, which many of us cannot unlock.
  • Bats do map out space with echolocation and sonar.
  • Birds figure out and understand the complex mechanics of flying and landing.
  • Crows, pictured in horror movies for stupid reasons, are not just among the most intelligent birds, but they are way smarter than most creatures. They can accomplish tasks that three and four-year-old children have trouble doing.

Animals Have Feelings
While they have different brain structures, experts estimate that animals such as crows and apes handle and use a combination of mental tools. It even includes imagination and the expectation of potential future events so that they can solve problems.Again, I witnessed some crows learning how to use cars for cracking nuts. They wait patiently at intersections while keeping watch on the traffic lights. So, when the traffic stops they retrieve a nut that vehicles crushed, which they have put earlier on the road.

Furthermore, it is now evident that elephants grieve. Most mammals feel joy, love, and sadness or suffering. Once, in Ukraine, my mother in law took home a stray cat that was living on a hospital ground. It was not a small kitten but a full grown cat. The cat was now living with her countryside house fifteen miles away from the hospital, and he looked unhappy.

Give Animals Credit
One day, she opened the door, and the cat flew by her, running away into the fields. Ten days later, thinking that she lost the animal forever, it showed up on the hospital ground. The animal had lost a lot of weight and seemed to suffer a minor injury, but he was alive. He had found his way home through fields and against unbelievable obstacles.

So, human beings have to stop this obsession of comparing animals to human aptitude. We pick things that we are good at, like technology or language. And we then associate it with intelligence to other species of our world. But animals are way smarter than we think. So, let’s think twice before making any assumption and give them the credit they deserve.

Tips For Breeding Rabbits

The breeding stock should be selected when they reach 4 to 5 months of age. The breeder should be selected from the largest litter. In males, it is very essential to see the presence of two testicles in the scrotum as testicles descend down from the body cavity at 12 weeks of age.

1. Extensive type of reproduction:-

Weaning here practiced is 5 to 6 weeks and re-breeding soon after weaning. Does are therefore mated once every 2.5 months. This is the best suited for tropical countries like India.

2. Semi intensive reproduction

Weaning is practised at 4-5 weeks of age. Breeding is practised after 10-20 days after kindling.

3. Intensive reproduction

Weaning is at 4 weeks of age. Mating is done immediately after kindling. Usually this practise is followed in western countries.

Always females should be put to the pen of male to avoid fighting. Mating should be done during coolest part of the day like early morning or late evening. After successful mating the male usually produces a typical cry sound and falls down on one side of the female. Soon after the mating the male one should be removed from the cage. The male should not be more than 3 to 4 days in a week and not more than 2 to 3 times in a day. The ratio of male to female is 1:10. Both the sexes should reach 70% of their adult body weight.

The breeding season is almost throughout year. But in India, autumn stress is encountered during hot weather.

Signs of heat in females

1. Restlessness, Rubbing the chin on the sides of the cage.

2. Lying in mating posture

3. They are spontaneous ovulators. Ovulation begins 10 hours after mating.

4. In heat, the female rabbit accepts male, otherwise it rejects.

5. In heat, the female assumes a typical pose called “lordosis” where the back is arched downward and hind quarter is raised.

6. The female one in di-estrous phage crouch at the corner of the cage.

7. After kindling (parturition), the re breeding happens after one week in intensive management. But normally re-mating is shown one week before weaning.

8. When temperature rises above 36 degree centigrade, temporary sterility happens.